Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 50-61
The Taxonomy of Living Organisms Using Self-organizing Map
Adebayo Rotimi Philip, Department of Computer Science, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
Received: May 30, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 15, 2020;       Published: Sep. 7, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajai.20200402.12      View  23      Downloads  15
Abstract
The Self Organizing Map (SOM) is an unsupervised network algorithm that projects high dimensional data into low dimensional maps. The projection preserves the topology of the data so that similar data items are mapped to nearby locations on the map. The algorithm has been so popular because of its application in Computer Science and other areas; it has been applied in speech recognition, pattern identification, control engineering, earthquake detection et al. This research aimed to apply the SOM in the taxonomy of living organisms using 46 attributes. 68 animals from 6 phyla were considered and 46 attributes were used detailing their physical features, physiological features, evolution, adaptation, habitat et al. The features extracted were converted to 0s and 1s for the SOM algorithm to process. The result shows 96.569% accuracy of the SOM’s classification but better accuracy can be obtained if the SOM had processed the data for about 1000 iterations. This research revealed that SOM is a veritable tool or algorithm that can be used to classify living organisms. This research will help taxonomists, biologists and students who spend much time in classifying living organism and it will be of help to researchers who want to explore the SOM algorithm as a solution to taxonomy of living organisms. The SOM will ease taxonomy and will help to minimize the stress and time involved in classifying thousands of living organisms.
Keywords
Self-organizing Map, Taxonomy, Unsupervised Neural Network, Classification
To cite this article
Adebayo Rotimi Philip, The Taxonomy of Living Organisms Using Self-organizing Map, American Journal of Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 50-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajai.20200402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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